Comparison of mammography sensitivity after reduction mammoplasty targeting the glandular and fat tissue
Murat Çakır1, Tevfik Küçükkartallar1, Ahmet Tekin1, Nebil Selimoğlu2, Necdet Poyraz3, Mehmet Metin Belviranlı1, Adil Kartal1
1Department of General Surgery, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Selçuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
3Department of Radiology, Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
Objective: Mammography may have some limitations in the diagnosis and screening of breast cancer for women who have previously undergone breast reduction surgery. This study aimed to investigate how the structural defects in the breast tissue formed by postoperative changes are reflected on mammography.
Material and Methods: The records of patients who had previously undergone breast reduction surgery and who were requested to undergo mammography for breast cancer screening by the general surgery clinic were retrospectively studied. The patients’ ages, surgical procedures, postoperative follow-up periods, amount of removed material, and histopathological and mammographic results were studied. The patients were classified into 3 groups: those older than 40 years who underwent reduction mammoplasty targeting predominantly the glandular tissue (group 1), those younger than 40 years who underwent reduction mammoplasty targeting predominantly the fat tissue (group 2), and those older than 40 years who were diagnosed with breast hypertrophy and were not operated (group 3).
Results: The mean follow-up period of the patients was 6 (2-10) years. The mean value of resected tissue was 1120 g (680-2070) in group 1 and 1220 g (720-1980) in group 2. The mean age at the time of surgery was 45 (40-70) years for group 1 and 35 (24-40) years for group 2. All patients in group 1 were classified in Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 1-2; 28 patients in group 2 were classified in BI-RADS 1-2, 4 were classified in BI-RADS 3, and 8 were classified in BI-RADS 0. In group 3, 35 patients were classified in BI-RADS 1-2, 4 were classified in BI-RADS 3, and 1 was classified in BI-RADS 0.
Conclusion: We believe that breast reduction surgery targeting predominantly the glandular tissue in patients older than 40 years increases mammographic sensitivity.
Keywords: Mammography, reduction surgery, breast, cancer
Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the ethics committee of Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine.
Informed patient consent form including their treatment protocol was taken from all patients included in this study.
Concept - M.Ç., A.T., A.K.; Design - M.Ç., T.K.; Supervision - M.Ç.; Funding - T.K., N.S.; Materials - M.Ç.; Data Collection and/or Processing - M.Ç., N.P.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - M.Ç., M.B.B.; Literature Review - M.Ç.; Writer - M.Ç.; Critical Review - A.K.; Other - M.Ç.
No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.