Veysi Hakan Yardimci1, Aytul Hande Yardimci2

1Istanbul Gelisim University, Institute of Health Sciences; Department of General Surgery, Acıbadem Bakırkoy Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Radiology, Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul , Turkey


Isolated appendiceal actinomycosis is a rare chronic progressive suppurative infection. Its causative agent in humans is a Gram-positive saprophytic anaerobic bacteria, Actinomyces israelii. We present a case of an acute appendicitis that developed in a 54-year-old woman due to isolated appendiceal actinomycosis. Diagnosis of appendiceal actinomycosis causing acute appendicitis is generally performed postoperatively histopathologically, and appendectomy alone is not sufficient for treatment. It is an important factor that should be considered by clinicians that definitive treatment of the infection is possible by appropriate antibiotic use.

Keywords: Actinomycosis, actinomyces, appendicitis, laparoscopic appendectomy

Cite this paper as: Yardımcı VH, Yardımcı AH. Is appendectomy always adequate for treatment?: Clinical manifestations of isolated actinomycosis in the appendix. Turk J Surg 2018; 10.5152/turkjsurg.2018.4015.


Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept - V.H.Y., A.H.Y.; Design - V.H.Y., A.H.Y.; Supervision - V.H.Y., A.H.Y.; Materials - V.H.Y., A.H.Y.; Data Collection and/or Processing - A.H.Y., V.H.Y.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - V.H.Y., A.H.Y.; Literature Search - A.H.Y., V.H.Y.; Writing Manuscript - V.H.Y., A.H.Y.; Critical Reviews - V.H.Y., A.H.Y.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.