One of the rare reason of abdominal pain: abdominal wall endometriosis
Sefa Ergün1, Kazım Koray Öner2
1Department of General Surgery, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
2Clinic of General Surgery, Avcılar Murat Kölük Public Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Objective: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of normal endometrial mucosa abnormally implanted in locations other than the uterine cavity. It is most commonly located in the pelvis but it is also rarely observed in the gastrointestinal tract, lung, liver, kidneys, central nervous system and abdominal wall. Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) commonly occurs following a caesarean section or pelvic surgery. The patients consult the physician mostly with complaints of cyclic abdominal pain and a palpable mass in the abdomen. The basic methods in diagnosing AWE are anamnesis and physical examination but ultrasound, computerized tomography, and sometimes magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen are also used.
Material and Methods: In our study, we retrospectively analyzed 9 patients who underwent surgery at Avcılar State Hospital General Surgery Service between January 2015 and December 2018 with a preliminary diagnosis of AWE and confirmation through pathology results.
Results: Median age of the patients was 32 ± 4.66 and median body mass index (BMI) was 24.6 ± 1.15. Every patient except 1 had a history of cesarean section history. One patient was operated because of recurrence. Patients consulted the hospital with complaints of pain during menstruation and abdominal swelling. The start of the complaints was 4.1 years following C-section. Mostly ultrasound was used for imaging. For treatment, they all received en-bloc mass excision and their pathological diagnosis were compliant with endometriosis. Average surgery time was 40 minutes and average endometriosis lesion dimension was 3.4 cm. It was observed that the lesion extended to the anterior abdominal fascia in 6 of the patients, and 2 patients underwent fascia repair with propylene mesh because of the excessive defect size. No postoperative complication occured in any patient and no recurrence is observed.
Conclusion: In patients with periodic abdominal pain and swelling on the abdominal wall, AWE could be suspected and early diagnosis can be realized by carefully taking medical history and following physical examination, and appropriate radiological examinations and necessary surgical intervention can be performed. The method of diagnosis and treatment is to remove the lesion through wide excision.
Keywords: Endometriosis, abdominal wall, abdominal pain
Cite this article as: Ergün S, Öner KK. One of the rare reasons of abdominal pain: abdominal wall endometriosis. Turk J Surg 2021; 37 (1): 47-51.
The ethical approval for this study was obtained from Cerrahpasa School of Medicine Clinical Research Ethical Committee (Decision no: 83045809-604-01.02- Date: 29.05.2020).
Concept - S.E..; Design - S.E., K.K.Ö.; Supervision - S.E., K.K.Ö.; Materials - S.E., K.K.Ö.; Data Collection and/or Processing - S.E., K.K.Ö.; Analysis and Interpretation - S.E., K.K.Ö.; Literature Review - S.E., K.K.Ö.; Writing Manuscript - S.E.; Critical Reviews - S.E..
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.