Ahmet Serdar Karaca, M. Mahir Özmen, Ahmet Çınar Yastı, Seher Demirer

On Behalf of the Initiative of the Board on Directors of the Turkish Surgical Society

Abstract

In the last 20 years, there have been important developments in endoscopy. Initially, endoscopy was developed and used as a diagnostic tool. As new technology developed, these devices also became the basis for therapeutic maneuvers. In recent years, flexible endoscopes have been used to per- form procedures replacing traditional surgical approaches. Examples of this field are transanal minimally invasive surgery, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, endoscopic metabolic surgery and third space endoscopies. Throughout history, surgeons have played a vital role in the design and development of endoscopic techniques, procedures, and equipment. Surgeons continue to lead the advancement of endoscopy, make important contributions, and serve as role models for innovation.

Keywords: Endoscopy, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultra- sound (EUS), Lumen-attaching metal stents (LAMS)