The effect of obesity in laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy
Önder Altın, Ramazan Sarı
Clinic of General Surgery, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Objective: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the gold standard for the resection of adrenal tumors. However, there are some technical difficulties, which may be due to the fact that adrenalectomy is rarely encountered in general surgery practice and has a high learning curve. In addition to these, obesity is another problem in laparoscopic adrenalectomies. In the present study, it was aimed to evaluate whether obesity affects perioperative and postop- erative complications after laparoscopic adrenalectomy.
Material and Methods: This is a retrospective comparative study carried out between December 2008 and June 2018. A total of 65 patients who un- derwent laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy were divided into two groups according to their Body Mass Index (BMI). Patients’ demographic data, perioperative and postoperative results were analyzed from hospital medical records.
Results: There were 30 non-obese and 35 obese patients. There was no significant difference between obese and non-obese patients in terms of op- eration time, peroperative complications and length of hospital stay. However, there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups for postoperative complications (p< 0.031). There was conversion to open surgery in four obese patients and in one patient in the non-obese group.
Conclusion: In obese patients, technical difficulties may be encountered during surgery due to increased adipose tissue, and postoperative complica- tion rates may increase. Nevertheless, laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy can be performed safely paying attention to the management of obesity-related complications.
Keywords: Adrenalectomy, body mass index, laparoscopy, obesity