Quality of life assessment after parathyroidectomy in symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism using the SF-36 questionnaire
Bharth Mohan1, Kishore Abuji1, Divya Dahiya1, Cherring Tandup1, Sanjay Bhadada2, Arunanshu Behera1
1Department of General Surgery, Post Graduate İnstitute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2Department of Endocrinology, Post Graduate İnstitute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Objective: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a systemic disease which, along with bone and stone disease, also causes several subjective symptoms which impairs the quality of life (QoL). However, NIH guidelines do not include non-specific physical and neuropsychological symptoms as an indication of parathyroidectomy. SF-36 is one of the most commonly used tools for assessing QoL; it measures both physical health (PH) and mental health (MH).
Material and Methods: This is a prospective observational study including 50 patients of symptomatic PHPT. Patients were categorized into normocalcemia (8.5-10.4 mg/dL), mild hypercalcemia (10.5-11.9 mg/dL), moderate hypercalcemia (12-13.9 mg/dL), and severe hypercalcemia (>14 mg/dL). QoL was assessed by using SF36 survey both pre-operative and three months after parathyroidectomy.
Results: There was an overall improvement in QoL of individual groups both in PH and MH components (p< 0.001). The improvement was more substantial for bodily pain, role physical, vitality and mental health. Although QoL was affected in patients with mild hypercalcemia, it was more affected in patients with severe hypercalcemia. The improvement in MH scores was dependent on the level of pre-operative calcium; however, the improvement in PH scores was independent of pre-operative calcium (p= 0.698).
Conclusion: This study showed improvement in all aspects of PH and MH of SF-36 after parathyroidectomy, even in normocalcemics. Despite the fact that current guidelines for the management of PHPT do not include QoL as an indication for parathyroidectomy, we propose that parathyroidectomy should be considered, if patient is fit for surgery.
Keywords: Primary hyperparathyroidism, quality of life, parathyroidectomy, SF-36
Cite this article as: Mohan B, Abuji K, Dahiya D, Tandup C, Bhadada S, Behera A. Quality of life assessment after parathyroidectomy in symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism using the SF-36 questionnaire. Turk J Surg 2021; 37 (3): 247-252.
This study was obtained from Postgraduate Instute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigard (Date: 21.12.2018, Decision no: 002145).
Concept - D.D.; Design - K.A.; Supervision - D.D.; Data Collection and/or Processing - B.M.; Analysis and/or Interpratation - K.A.; Literature Review - K.A.; Writing Manuscript - K.A.; Critical Reviews - C.T., A.B.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.