Anar Gurbanov, Ergun Ergün, Gülnur Göllü, Ufuk Ateş

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Ankara University Facuty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey


Objective: Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease is common in children. The disease reduces the quality of life of patients with symptoms such as pain and chronic discharge. Variable surgical techniques have been described for the treatment of pilonidal sinus disease. This study aims to evaluate clinical approach of Turkish pediatric surgeons to children with pilonidal sinus disease.

Material and Methods: Survey questions were prepared through a literature review for controversial issues. The participants were asked pre-selected and checkbox questions. The survey was sent to 450 pediatric surgeons, members of the Association of Turkey Pediatric Surgery via a link to Google Forms.

Results: Nineteen percent (88) of the members responded. Seventy five (85.2%) of the pediatric surgeons stated that they did not perform additional preoperative imaging. Surgical excision methods were preferred more than minimally invasive procedures (102 to 46). Sixty (68.2%) of the participants preferred preoperative prophylactic single dose intravenous antibiotics and postoperative oral antibiotics. Regarding the participants’ practices, poor local hygiene, overweight, wide or deep sinus pit were stated as the most common causes of recurrence. Vast majority of the pediatric surgeons recommended laser epilation (%85.2) and slimming (59.1%) to patients.

Conclusion: Various studies have been published from Turkey for pilonidal sinus disease. As seen in the current study, Turkish pediatric surgeons do not have a common opinion in pilonidal sinus disease and prefer surgical excision methods more frequently. Prospective randomized studies with bigger number of patients are required to establish common guidelines in disease management.

Keywords: Pilonidal sinus, child, surveys and questionnaires

Cite this article as: Gurbanov A, Ergün E, Göllü G, Ateş U. Management of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease in children: A survey study in Turkey. Turk J Surg 2021; 37 (3): 260-265.


Ethics Committee Approval

The study was obtained from Ankara University Human Researches Ethical Committee (Decision No: İ6-367-20, Date: 13.07.2020).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept - A.Q., E.E., U.A.; Design - A.Q., E.E.; Supervision - U.A., G.G.; Data Collection and/or Processing - A.Q., E.E.; Analysis and/or Interpratation - G.G., U.A.; Literature Review - A.Q., E.E.; Writing Manuscript - U.A.; Critical Reviews - E.E., G.G., U.A.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.