Lessons learned from blunt trauma abdomen: Surgical experience in level I trauma centre
Amit Singh1, Ganpat Prasad2, Prabhakar Mishra3, Kuldeep Vishkarma1, Rafat Shamim2
1Division of Trauma, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
2Division of Anaesthesia, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
3Division of Biostat, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Science, Lucknow, India
Objective: The number of accident cases is increasing day by day, so as the challenges. With an emphasis on trauma care, the government started a 120 bedded level I trauma centre in northern India catering to a population of 2.8 million in June 2018. Through this article, we aimed to share our experience of blunt abdominal trauma management from a new level I trauma centre.
Material and Methods: In this retrospective observational study, historical analysis of all available records from July 2018 to March 2020 was done. Inclusion criteria included blunt trauma abdomen with or without associated injuries. Data regarding age, sex, mechanism of injury, time taken to reach the hospital, the pattern of solid organs and hollow viscus injuries, associated extra abdominal injuries, mode of treatment, complications, length of ICU and hospital stay, and mortality were reviewed.
Results: Overall, 154 cases sustained abdominal injuries during the study period. Seventy-five percent were male. The most common cause of blunt trauma abdomen was road traffic crashes. Operative management was required in 57 (37.01%) cases while 97(62.98%) were managed non-operatively (NOM). Mean ICU stay was 05.73 days, while the average hospital stay was 12 days (range 10-60 days). Procedures performed included splenectomy, liver repair, primary closure of bowel injury, and stoma formation. Complications occured in 16.88% cases and the overall mortality rate was 11.68%.
Conclusion: The study revealed that among 154 cases of fatal blunt abdominal trauma, road traffic crash was the most common cause of blunt abdominal trauma, predominantly affecting males. The visceral and peritoneal injury frequently perceived was liver in 40 cases (25.9%), spleen 66 (43%), intestine 21(13.6%) and kidney 13 cases (09%). Abdominal injury was associated with other injuries like head, chest and extremity injuries in 52.5% cases. Duration of injury, presence of associated injury and preoperative ventilation requirement were independent predictors of mortality apart from contributary factors such as clinical presentation, organ involved and presence of complications.
Keywords: Motor vehicle accidents, trauma, abdominal injuries, outcome, prehospital care
Cite this article as: Singh A, Prasad G, Mishra P, Vishkarma K, Shamim R. Lessons learned from blunt trauma abdomen: Surgical experience in level I trauma centre. Turk J Surg 2021; 37 (3): 277-285.
Ethics committee approval was granted for this study from the ethics committee of Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (Ethics No. PGI/BE/437/2020). Subjects were enrolled in the study after obtaining voluntary informed consent according to the Declaration of Helsinki.
Concept - A.S.; Design - A.S.; Supervision - G.P.; Data Collection and/or Processing - P.M.; Analysis and/or Interpratation - P.M.; Literature Review - K.V., R.S.; Writing Manuscript - A.S.; Critical Reviews - R.S., G.P.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.