Incidence and mortality results of intestinal obstruction in geriatric and adult patients: 10 years retrospective analysis
Mehmet Nuri Koşar1, Özkan Görgülü2
1Clinic of General Surgery, University of Health Science Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
2Clinic of Anesthesia and Reanimation, University of Health Science Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
Objective: People with ileus is one of the patient groups with the highest admission rates to the emergency departments. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effects of age groups and etiological factors on mortality when evaluated together with gender.
Material and Methods: In our study, patients who were consulted from the Emergency Service to the General Surgery department with a pre-diagno- sis of abdominal pain between 2009 and 2020 were retrospectively screened. Patients hospitalized for ileus were analyzed in terms of age (18-65 years and over 65 years), gender, operation, etiology, incidence, and mortality.
Results: Between 2009 and 2020, 534 (3.03%) of 17.601 patients who received emergency consultation from the general surgery clinic were diagnosed with ileus. While 253 (47.4%) of the patients were operated, 317 (59.4%) patients and 101 (18.9%) patients were diagnosed with brid and malignancy, respectively; and 21 (3.9%) patients died in the complete patient group (Table 1). While the incidence of brid was high in non-operated patients, in operated patients, malignancy and other pathologies was found to be higher (p< 0.001) (Table 2). While, in patients 65 years and older, mortality was observed in 10.6% of women and 2.6% of men, it was determined that the mortality rate was higher in women (p= 0.008) (Figure 4).
Conclusion: The mortality rate in patients hospitalized with the diagnosis of mechanical bowel obstruction was found to be statistically significantly higher in female patients aged 65 and over.
Keywords: Intestinal obstruction, adult, age groups, geriatrics, incidence, mortality
This study approval was obtained from University of Health Science Antalya Training and Research Hospital (Date: 23.07.2020, Decision no: 11/15).
Concept - M.N.K.; Design - Ö.G.; Supervision -M.N.K.; Materials - M.N.K.; Data Collection and/or Processing - M.N.K.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - Ö.G.; Literature Search - Ö.G.; Writing Manuscript - M.N.K.; Critical Reviews - Ö.G.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.