Fumiaki Kawano1, Shun Munakata1, Kousei Tashiro1, Makoto Ikenoue1, Koji Furukawa1, Hidenobu Ochiai2, Kunihide Nakamura1, Atsushi Nanashima1

1Department of Surgery, Miyazaki University Faculty of Medicine, Miyazaki, Japan
2Emergency and Critical Care Center, Miyazaki University Faculty of Medicine, Miyazaki, Japan


Objective: To improve knowledge about blast injury for medical student doctors or surgeons. In the modern uncertain era, education and training programs for blast injuries for medical student doctors or surgeons are recently necessary worldwide.

Material and Methods: To understand primary corresponding ability to treat blast injuries, leading to improvement of the trauma education curriculum, a retrospective study by a knowledge survey was performed between 2018 and 2019. The subject had the title of Student Doctor (SD) at university.

Results: The answers of 183 participants who answered the interview questionnaire with 16 questions were summarized. Although most SDs received basic lectures for trauma medicine and majority of SDs knew about mass casualty incidents and primary treatment, the existence of knowledge on soft targets is limited. One-fourth of the SDs knew the characteristics of blast wounds. Most SDs understood priority triage for a conscious person with massive bleeding from a limb with hemostasis to save lives. The 17% selected cardiopulmonary resuscitation first and 72% of SDs could explain hemorrhagic shock; however, only four could explain adequate hemostatic procedures. Most had no interest regarding necessity of their knowledge in the field of serious blast trauma wounds.

Conclusion: Experience in trauma surgery training from stages in SDs and authorized education are important for raising students’ knowledge of unexpected serious blast incidents.

Keywords: Surgical education, medical university, student doctors, blast surgery, trauma team

Cite this article as: Kawano F, Munakata S, Tashiro K, Ikenoue M, Furukawa K, Ochiai H, et al. Knowledge survey regarding blast wound education of student doctors at a local academic medical university in Japan. Turk J Surg 2022; 38 (1): 74-80.


Ethics Committee Approval

The ethical approval for this study was obtained from Local Ethics Committee (Date: 13.11.2017, Decision No: C-0049).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept - F.K.; Design - K.N.; Supervision - A.N.; Materials - S.M., K.T., M.I.; Data Collection and/or Processing - S.M., F.K.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - F.K.; Literature Search - A.N.; Writing Manuscript - F.K.; Critical Reviews - K.F.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support