Mehmet Emin Gürbüz, Dursun Özgür Karakaş

Clinic of General Surgery, İstanbul Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşçıoğlu City Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye


Objective: Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with conventional side-viewing duodenoscope can be challenging and unsuccessful at altered anatomy in the gastrointestinal tract. This study aimed to evaluate our experience with ERCP in patients with previous gastric surgery.

Material and Methods: Patients on whom ERCP was performed from January 2017 to August 2021 and who had previous gastric surgery were included into the study. Age, sex, comorbidity, Charlson’s Comorbidity Index (CCI), ERCP indication, previous gastric surgery (indication, type of resection and reconstruction), history of cholecystectomy, and MRCP results were evaluated retrospectively. The results were compared as successful ERCP (SERCP) or unsuccessful ERCP (USERCP). Also, odds ratio ERCP failure was also evaluated.

Results: Forty-three patients were included into study. Mean age was 68.8 ± 13.6 years. The most common sex was female (51.2%). The most common ERCP indication was choledocholithiasis with 44.2%, gastric surgery indication was peptic ulcer with 72.1%, gastric resection was subtotal with 67.4%, and reconstruction was gastrojejunostomy with 58.1%. The success rate of ERCP was 44.2%. Mean CCI was 4.16 ± 2.28. Only malignancy history was significantly higher in the USERCP group (p= 0.026). Male sex, non-choledocholithiasis indication, history of malignancy, CCI> 4, total gastrectomy, Roux-NY (RNY) reconstruction, history of cholecystectomy, and intercalarily to the bile duct dilatation in MRCP were likelihood for USERCP.

Conclusion: While history of malignancy and cholecystectomy were the only significant factor for unsuccessful ERCP, male sex, total gastrectomy, RNY anastomosis result in a higher likelihood of ERCP failure in patients with previous gastric surgery. Alternative devices to side-viewing duodenoscope will increase success in selected patients.

Keywords: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, gastrectomy, roux ny, gastrojejunostomy

Cite this article as: Gürbüz ME, Karakaş DÖ. Experience of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with side-viewing duodenoscope in patients with previous gastric surgery. Turk J Surg 2022; 38 (2): 149-158.


Ethics Committee Approval

This study was approved by İstanbul Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşçıoğlu City Hospital Ethics Committee (Decision no: 4870771- 514.10, Date: 16.06.2020).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept - M.E.G., D.Ö.K.; Design - D.Ö.K.; Supervision - M.E.G.; Data Collection and/or Processing - M.E.G., D.Ö.K.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - D.Ö.K.; Literature Search - M.E.G., D.Ö.K.; Writing Manuscript - D.Ö.K.; Critical Reviews - M.E.G.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.