Evaluation of knowledge and practice regarding mammography among a group of Turkish women attending a tertiary hospital
Department of General Surgery, Pendik Medipol University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Türkiye
Objective: Early detection is the most important cornerstone of breast cancer in determining treatment outcome and survival. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of mammography in the early diagnosis of breast cancer in a group of women.
Material and Methods: Data of this descriptive study were collected under observation with the help of a questionnaire. Female patients over 40 years of age or over 30 years of age with a family history of breast cancer admitted to our general surgery outpatient clinic for a health problem other than breast were included.
Results: A total of 300 female patients with a mean age of 48.7 ± 10.9 years (min-max, 33-83 years) were included. Median frequency of correct answers among the women participating in the study was 83.7% (76.0-92.0). Mean score obtained by the participants from the questionnaire was 75.7 ± 15.8 (the median score 80; 25th-75th centiles, 73.3-86.7). Slightly more than half of the patients (159 patients, 53%) had at least one mammography scan before. The level of mammography knowledge was negatively correlated with age and the number of previous mammographies, and positively correlated with education level (r= -0.700, p< 0.001; r= -0.419, p< 0.001 and r= 0.643, p< 0.001, respectively).
Conclusion: Although the level of knowledge about breast cancer and early diagnosis methods in women was at a satisfactory level, it is obvious that mammography screening practice of women without any breast symptoms is very low. Therefore, it should be aimed to increase women’s awareness of cancer prevention and compliance with early diagnosis methods and to promote participation in mammography screening.
Keywords: Breast cancer, mamography, screening, the level of knowledge
Cite this article as: Mert T. Evaluation of knowledge and practice regarding mammography among a group of Turkish women attending a tertiary hospital. Turk J Surg 2022; 38 (3): 230-236.
This study was approved by İstanbul Medipol University Non-invasive Clinical Research Ethics Committee (Decision number: 852, Date: 12.11.2020).
Concept – T.M.; Design – T.M.; Supervision – T.M.; Materials – T.M.; Data Collection and/ or Processing – T.M.; Analysis and/or Interpretation – T.M.; Literature Search – T.M.; Writing Manuscript – T.M.; Critical Reviews – T.M.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.