Ayşe Gökçen Gündoğmuş, Yasemin Koçyiğit, Şerif Bora Nazlı

Clinic of Psychiatry, Etlik City Hospital, Ankara, Türkiye


Objective: In this study, it was aimed to investigate the awareness of female patients diagnosed with schizophrenia about breast cancer and to evaluate whether there was a difference in this awareness between the control group and individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. Secondly, the frequency of breast cancer screenings of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and the control group was compared.

Material and Methods: Individuals between 18 and 65 years of age who were literate and voluntarily gave informed consent to participate after being informed about the study were included. The research study group comprised of 82 individuals, 35 patients with schizophrenia and 47 healthy individuals. Patients with schizophrenia were required to have no clinically severe disease picture (CGI-S score of 3 or below). Individuals were given the Breast Cancer Awareness Scale (B-CAS) to fill in.

Results: The patient group had less awareness of breast cancer than the control group; conversely, they faced more barriers in breast cancer screening. The number of those who stated that they did not know about breast cancer early diagnosis methods was higher in the patient group than in the control group. In the evaluation of health attitudes toward breast cancer, it was found that the healthy control group was better than the patient group in performing regular breast self-exam.

Conclusion: Educating individuals with schizophrenia about the signs and symptoms of cancer and adapting healthcare systems to facilitate rapid and early cancer diagnosis may result in cost-effective and applicable cancer control strategies for curable cancers.

Keywords: Breast cancer, schizophrenia, awareness

Cite this article as: Gündoğmuş AG, Koçyiğit Y, Nazlı ŞB. Evaluation of breast cancer awareness in female patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Turk J Surg 2023; 39 (3): 213- 221.


Ethics Committee Approval

This study was approved by T.C. Ministry of Health SBU Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital Clinical Research Ethics Committee (Decision no: 135/10, Date: 18.04.2022).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept - AGG, YK, ŞBN; Design - AGG, YK, ŞBN; Supervision - AGG, YK; Fundings - AGG, YK, ŞBN; Materials - AGG, YK; Data Collection and/or Processing - AGG, YK; Analysis and/or Interpretation - AGG, YK, ŞBN; Literature Search - AGG, YK, ŞBN; Writing Manuscript - AGG, YK; Critical Reviews - AGG, YK, ŞBN.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.