Metabolic and surgical factors affecting postoperative quality of life in patients with total pancreatectomy with or without splenectomy: Single center results
Department of General Surgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Türkiye
Objective: Pancreatic resection may be required in the treatment of patients with pathologies of the pancreas. Total pancreatectomy is a major surgical procedure with serious risk of mortality and morbidity, and patient selection is important for prognosis. The endocrine and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency that develops in patients after total pancreatectomy can lead to a serious decrease in the quality of life of the patients due to pain, diarrhea, vomiting etc. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of total pancreatectomy with spleen preservation as well as splenectomy on the quality of life of the patients.
Material and Methods: In our study, we retrospectively analyzed the data of patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, intrapapillary mucinous neoplasia, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and chronic pancreatitis undergoing from partial to total pancreatic resections in our clinic between 12/2017 and 12/2022. Quality of life was compared using the EORTC QLQ-C30 scale.
Results: A total of 47 total pancreatectomy patients, 30 (63.8%) males and 17 (36.2%) females, were included in the study. Mean age of the patients was 61.38 (39-83) years. Five (35.7%) patients underwent perioperative total pancreatectomy because of high risk of pancreatic fistula development due to hard parenchyma and narrow pancreatic duct. Patients had a perioperative blood loss of 500 mL or more, and there was a statistically significant increase in perioperative blood loss compared to patients without vascular resection (p< 0.001). Forty (85.1%) patients used enzyme preparations to replace pancreatic enzymes.
Conclusion: After total pancreatectomy, quality of life of the patients is reduced both by surgical factors and by metabolic factors due to endocrine and exocrine insufficiency in the postoperative period.
Keywords: Total pancreatectomy, pancreatic insufficiency, splenectomy, quality of life
Cite this article as: Umman V, Gümüş T, Korucuk E, Temel R, Başçı F, Uguz A, et al. Metabolic and surgical factors affecting postoperative quality of life in patients with total pancreatectomy with or without splenectomy: Single center results. Turk J Surg 2023; 39 (3): 264-273.
This study was approved by Ege University Faculty of Medicine Medical Research Ethics Committee (Decision no: 23-9.1T/26, Date: 21.09.2023).
Concept - MZ, AU, TG, VU; Design - MZ, VU, EK; Supervision - MZ, AU, TG, VU; Data Collection and/or Processing - EK, RT, FB; Analysis and/or Interpretation - VU, RT, EK, FB; Literature Search - RT, EK, FB; Writing Manuscript - VU, TG, EK, RT; Critical Reviews - AU, VU.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.