Erdem Barış Cartı1, Ulaş Utku Şekerci1, Ogün Aydoğan1, Ahmet Deniz Uçar2

1Department of General Surgery, Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Türkiye
2Clinic of General Surgery, Bozyaka Research Hospital, İzmir, Türkiye

Abstract

One of the factors that impair anastomosis healing in patients undergoing hepaticojejunostomy is tension of the anastomosis. There may be tension, especially in cases with a short mesojejunum. In cases where the jejunum cannot be brought higher, positioning the liver a little lower may be a solution. We placed a Bakri balloon between the liver and diaphragm to position the liver to a lower level. Here we present a successful hepaticojejunostomy case in which we placed a Bakri balloon to decrease the anastomosis tension.

Keywords: Bakri balloon, hepaticojejunostomy, anastomosis tension

Introduction

Performing a hepaticojejunostomy operation has certain difficulties, especially in cases with a short mesojejunum. Although it is tried to be performed at the most proximal site as possible where the mesojejunum is longest, this mesojejunum may not be sufficient to perform a tension-free anastomosis in some patients. As it is known, the tightness of the anastomosis in hepaticojejunostomy operations increases the rate of postoperative bile leakage (1). Therefore, additional methods may be required to reduce anastomotic pressure. Placing a sterile gauze between the liver and the diaphragm during anastomosis is one of the methods that facilitates anastomosis. However, removing this sterile gauze after anastomosis has taken place will cause an increase in tension in the anastomosis. Therefore, there is a need for a tool that can be driven behind the liver and removed later, not only during the anastomosis but also after the operation, until the anastomosis heals.

Case Presentation

Bakri balloon is a device that can be used vaginally in uterine bleeding. This intrauterine balloon is kept in the uterus during bleeding and acts as a tamponade to stop the bleeding (2). We also thought of placing the Bakri balloon between the liver and the diaphragm since it is large, can be easily placed during the operation and can be easily removed after the operation when desired. To reduce the tension of the anastomosis, it was inflated with 500 cc saline intraoperatively by placing it between the liver and the diaphragm in a patient with a short mesojejunum (Figure 1). In this way, the distance between the liver and the jejunum was shortened, and the anastomosis could be performed without tension. Operation was terminated by leaving the Bakri balloon in place. No complications developed during the follow-ups, and no bile leakage was observed (Figure 2). The Bakri balloon was completely emptied and withdrawn on the seventh day of the operation. The patient was discharged, and no problems were observed in the follow-ups of the patient.


Discussion

We assert that this method can be used safely in anastomosis with a tension, especially in patients with a short mesojejunum.

Cite this article as: Cartı ED, Şekerci UU, Aydoğan O, Uçar AD. The use of Bakri balloon to reduce the anastomosis tension in hepaticojejunostomy. Turk J Surg 2022; 38 (3): 312-313.

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept – E.B.C., O.A.; Design – E.B.C.; Supervision – A.D.U.; Materials – O.A., Data Collection and/or Processing – U.U.Ş.; Literature Search – A.D.U.; Writing Manuscript –E.B.C.; Critical Reviews – A.D.U.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.

References

  1. Wellner UF, Keck T: Leakage of hepaticojejunal anastomosis: Reoperation. Visc Med 2017; 33: 197-201. https://doi. org/10.1159/000471909
  2. Gro€nvall M, Tikkanen M, Tallberg E, Paavonen J, Stefanovic V. Use of Bakri balloon tamponade in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage: A series of 50 cases from a tertiary teaching hospital. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2013; 92: 433-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600- 0412.2012.01531.x