Zuber Ansari1, Sukanta Ray2, Somak Das2, Tuhin Subhra Mandal2

1Division of Surgical Gastroenterology, Department of General Surgery, FH Medical College and Hospital, Agra, India
2Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, India


Objective: Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) and ascariasis are prevalent in eastern India. Exact pathogenesis of RPC is still a matter of controversy. Hepatobiliary Ascaris infestation has been considered one of the causative factors in Eastern Asia, but conclusive evidence from India is lacking. RPC is associated with multi-drug-resistant (MDR) bacteria, which is a significant source of morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess the role of hepatobiliary ascariasis in pathogenesis of RPC and to study microbial profile and their implications in managing RPC patients.

Material and Methods: Consecutive patients with biliary stones who underwent surgery between March 2020 and December 2021 in a tertiary centre in eastern India were divided into RPC and non-RPC groups. Surgically retrieved samples of bile and biliary stones were sent for bacterial culture and microscopic and histopathological examination to identify the evidence of ascariasis in both groups and to study the microbial profile in RPC group.

Results: Eight out of 54 patients (14.8%) in the RPC group had evidence of hepatobiliary ascariasis. None of the patients in non-RPC group showed evidence of ascariasis. Klebsiella was the most common bacterial pathogen on bile culture, and 79% of bacterial isolates were MDR pathogens. Carbapenem group of antibiotics showed the highest sensitivity (66.6%) against bacterial culture growth in RPC patients.

Conclusion: This study showed a higher prevalence of hepatobiliary ascariasis in patients with RPC, but a conclusive etiological role is still lacking. RPC is associated with high incidence of MDR bacteria. Carbapenems may be considered the empirical antibiotic of choice in RPC.

Keywords: Ascariasis, cholangitis, multidrug resistance

Cite this article as: Ansari Z, Ray S, Das S, Mandal TS. The role of microbes and parasites in recurrent pyogenic cholangitis. Turk J Surg 2024; 40 (2): 154-160.


Ethics Committee Approval

This study was obtained from Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Ethics Committee (Decision no: IPGME&IEC/2020/221, Date: 11.03.2020).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept – SR; Design – SR, ZA; Supervision – All of authors; Data Collection and/or Processing – ZA; Analysis and/or Interpretation – ZA; Literature Search – All of authors; Writing Manuscript – ZA; Critical Reviews – ZA.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.